一、在官网下载 nginx的Windows版本,官网下载:http://nginx.org/download/

选择你自己想要的版本下载,解压 nginx(例如nginx-1.6.3) 包到你的window盘里的目录上。

执行下列操作:(需要记住的,会经常用到)

nginx -s stop          // 停止nginx

nginx -s reload       // 重新加载配置文件
nginx -s quit          // 退出nginx

 

二、接下来就是配置nginx的conf文件了。nginx需要配置的东西也就是在conf文件中,现在介绍下了解下conf文件的配置:

 

#user nobody;
worker_processes 2;   #进程数,初始可设置为cpu总核数

 

#error_log logs/error.log;
#error_log logs/error.log notice;
#error_log logs/error.log info;

 

#pid logs/nginx.pid;  #用于管理nginx进程

 

events {
worker_connections 1024; #单个worker进程最大连接数
}

 

http {
include mime.types; #文件扩展名与文件类型映射表
default_type application/octet-stream; #默认文件类型

 

#log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
# '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
# '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

 

#access_log logs/access.log main;

 

sendfile on;   #开启高效文件传输模式,实现内核零拷贝
#tcp_nopush on;

 

#keepalive_timeout 0;
keepalive_timeout 65; #连接超时时间,单位是秒

#gzip on;

 

server {
listen 8089;  #连接的端口号
server_name localhost;
autoindex on;
#charset koi8-r;

 

#access_log logs/host.access.log main;

#下面的就是你接收传输文件的格式要求了,根据你的需要来用,下面我使用来接收图片(jpg...)
location ~ .*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp)$ {

expires 24h; #客户端缓存上述静态数据
root C:/resources/images/;  #文件路径
access_log C:/nginx-1.6.3/logs/log_test.log;
proxy_store on;
proxy_store_access user:rw group:rw all:rw;
proxy_temp_path C:/resources/images/;#文件路径
proxy_redirect off;

#autoindex on;
proxy_set_header Host 127.0.0.1; #填写你的ip
proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
client_max_body_size 10m;
client_body_buffer_size 1280k;
proxy_connect_timeout 900;
proxy_send_timeout 900;
proxy_read_timeout 900;
proxy_buffer_size 400k;
proxy_buffers 40 320k;
proxy_busy_buffers_size 640k;
proxy_temp_file_write_size 640k;
if ( !-e $request_filename)
{
proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8089;
}
}

#下面是我拿来传输mp3格式的配置
location ~* .(mp3)$ {

expires 24h;
root C:/resources/voice/; #文件路径
proxy_store on;
proxy_store_access user:rw group:rw all:rw;
proxy_temp_path C:/resources/voice/;#文件路径
proxy_redirect off;

proxy_set_header Host 127.0.0.1;
proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
client_max_body_size 10m;
client_body_buffer_size 1280k;
proxy_connect_timeout 900;
proxy_send_timeout 900;
proxy_read_timeout 900;
proxy_buffer_size 40k;
proxy_buffers 40 320k;
proxy_busy_buffers_size 640k;
proxy_temp_file_write_size 640k;
if ( !-e $request_filename)
{
proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8089 ;
}
}

 

location / {
root html;
index index.html index.htm;
}

 

#error_page 404 /404.html;

 

# redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
#
error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
location = /50x.html {
root html;
}

 

# proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
#
#location ~ \.php$ {
# proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1;
#}

 

# pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
#
#location ~ \.php$ {
# root html;
# fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
# fastcgi_index index.php;
# fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;
# include fastcgi_params;
#}

 

# deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
# concurs with nginx's one
#
#location ~ /\.ht {
# deny all;
#}
}

 

# another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration
#
#server {
# listen 8000;
# listen somename:8080;
# server_name somename alias another.alias;

 

# location / {
# root html;
# index index.html index.htm;
# }
#}

 

#下面是配置https
# HTTPS server
#
#server {
# listen 443 ssl;
# server_name localhost;

 

# ssl_certificate cert.pem;
# ssl_certificate_key cert.key;

 

# ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:1m;
# ssl_session_timeout 5m;

 

# ssl_ciphers HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
# ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;

 

# location / {
# root html;
# index index.html index.htm;
# }
#}

}

3.注意事项

会遇到的问题:

1.配置完conf后,你启动nginx启动不了,说明是你conf文件配置有错误,你需要回去检查下。比如{} 少了,文件路径名不对等等。

2.有时会根据需要用到http和https   整个配置文件你只需要配置到http {   }里面和https{}里面的东西就行。

gongzhonghao
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